Proteomic analysis of the palmitate-induced myotube secretome reveals involvement of the annexin A1-FPR2 pathway in insulin resistance.

doi : 10.1074/jbc.M114.634527
Jong Hyuk Yoon, Dayea Kim, Jin-Hyeok Jang, Jaewang Ghim, Soyeon Park, Parkyong Song,Yonghoon Kwon, Jaeyoon Kim, Daehee Hwang, Yoe-Sik Bae, Pann-Ghill Suh, Per-Olof Berggren and Sung Ho Ryu

Elevated levels of the free fatty acid palmitate are found in the plasma of obese patients and induce insulin resistance. Skeletal muscle secretes myokines as extracellular signaling mediators in response to pathophysiological conditions. Here, we identified and characterized the skeletal muscle secretome in response to palmitate-induced insulin resistance. Using a quantitative proteomic approach, we identified 36 secretory proteins modulated by palmitate-induced insulin resistance. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that palmitate-induced insulin resistance induced cellular stress and modulated secretory events. We found that the decrease in the level of annexin A1, a secretory protein, depended on palmitate, and that annexin A1 and its receptor, formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2) agonist, played a protective role in the palmitate-induced insulin resistance of L6 myotubes through PKC-θ modulation. In mice fed with a high-fat diet, treatment with the FPR2 agonist improved systemic insulin sensitivity. Thus, we identified myokine candidates modulated by palmitate-induced insulin resistance and found that the annexin A1-FPR2 pathway mediated the insulin resistance of skeletal muscle, as well as systemic insulin sensitivity.

Keywords : Annexin A1; Diabetes; FPR2; Hormones; Insulin resistance; Myokine; Omics; Palmitate; Secretome; Tandem Mass Spectrometry

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