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Two guard cell mitogen-activated protein kinases, MPK9 and MPK12, func…

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doi : 10.1111/plb.1232

1

Md. A. R. Khokon, M. A. Salam, F. Jammes, W. Ye, M. A. Hossain, M. Uraji, Y. Nakamura, I. C. Mori, J. M. Kwak & Y. Murata

 

Received: 8 December 2014, Accepted: 6 February 2015, Published: 17 MAR 2015

 

Abstract
Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and abscisic acid (ABA) signalling cascades share several signalling components in guard cells. We previously showed that two guard cell-preferential mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), MPK9 and MPK12, positively regulate ABA signalling in Arabidopsis thaliana. In this study, we examined whether these two MAP kinases function in MeJA signalling using genetic mutants for MPK9 and MPK12 combined with a pharmacological approach. MeJA induced stomatal closure in mpk9-1 and mpk12-1 single mutants as well as wild-type plants, but not in mpk9-1 mpk12-1 double mutants. Consistently, the MAPKK inhibitor PD98059 inhibited the MeJA-induced stomatal closure in wild-type plants. MeJA elicited reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cytosolic alkalisation in guard cells of the mpk9-1, mpk12-1 and mpk9-1 mpk12-1 mutants, as well in wild-type plants. Furthermore, MeJA triggered elevation of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]cyt) in the mpk9-1 mpk12-1 double mutant as well as wild-type plants. Activation of S-type anion channels by MeJA was impaired in mpk9-1 mpk12-1. Together, these results indicate that MPK9 and MPK12 function upstream of S-type anion channel activation and downstream of ROS production, cytosolic alkalisation and [Ca2+]cyt elevation in guard cell MeJA signalling, suggesting that MPK9 and MPK12 are key regulators mediating both ABA and MeJA signalling in guard cells.

 

Keywords: [Ca2+]cyt oscillations; cytosolic alkalisation; guard cell, mitogen-activated protein kinase; methyl jasmonate; reactive oxygen species; S-type anion channels

 

Link : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/plb.12321/full

 

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