Photobiological hydrogen production and artificial photosynthesis for …
doi : 10.1007/s11120-015-0139-4
K. Nath, M. M. Najafpour, R. A. Voloshin, S. E. Balaghi, E. Tyystjärvi, R. Timilsina, J. J. Eaton-Rye, T. Tomo, H. G. Nam, H. Nishihara, S. Ramakrishna, J.-R. Shen, S. I. Allakhverdiev
Received: 9 February 2015, Accepted: 2 April 2015, Published online: 22 April 2015
Global energy demand is increasing rapidly and due to intensive consumption of different forms of fuels, there are increasing concerns over the reduction in readily available conventional energy resources. Because of the deleterious atmospheric effects of fossil fuels and the uncertainties of future energy supplies, there is a surge of interest to find environmentally friendly alternative energy sources. Hydrogen (H2) has attracted worldwide attention as a secondary energy carrier, since it is the lightest carbon-neutral fuel rich in energy per unit mass and easy to store. Several methods and technologies have been developed for H2 production, but none of them are able to replace the traditional combustion fuel used in automobiles so far. Extensively modified and renovated methods and technologies are required to introduce H2 as an alternative efficient, clean, and cost-effective future fuel. Among several emerging renewable energy technologies, photobiological H2 production by oxygenic photosynthetic microbes such as green algae and cyanobacteria or by artificial photosynthesis has attracted significant interest. In this short review, we summarize the recent progress and challenges in H2-based energy production by means of biological and artificial photosynthesis routes.